Eye Exams

A comprehensive eye examination evaluates how well you see but also can identify any potential eye diseases. Some of these diseases, such as glaucoma and macular degeneration, can result in serious vision loss if not detected and treated early. Often patients with these diseases don’t experience any visual symptoms before vision loss occurs. If you are over 35, you should have a comprehensive eye examination every two years. Patients over 65 or with a family history of glaucoma, diabetes or diabetic retinopathy should have a yearly exam.

What to expect at your eye examination:

Your doctor will most likely request that your eyes be dilated in order to better see the nerve tissue and retina in the back of your eye. You may want to consider making transportation arrangements, as your vision may be blurry for several hours after dilation. You will be in our office for 1 ½ to 2 hours, depending on the type of appointment and any testing that you will be having.

Your exam may also include:

  • Visual acuity
  • Manifest Refraction. This test is done for diagnostic purposes, but also will determine a patient’s refractive error and potential eyeglass prescription if finalized by the doctor.
  • Muscle function test determines the eye muscle movement in all directions and at specified angles. This test will alert staff to any muscle weakness or involuntary muscle movement.
  • Binocular vision skills assessment to ensure that your eyes work together properly as a team. This is needed for proper depth perception, eye muscle coordination and the ability to change focus from near to far objects.
  • Confrontation Fields which tests your peripheral vision, the width of the area you can see while looking straight ahead.
  • Eye pressure test. This test measure the intra-ocular pressure (IOP). High eye pressure along with physiologic changes of the nerve tissue within the eye can be signs of glaucoma.
  • Eye health assessment using a variety of lenses and equipment to view the anterior and posterior parts of your eye.

Treatment options, if necessary will be presented at the conclusion of your examination.